References and Supplies Required For
Depose Tete Jumeau
Tete Jumeau by Jumeau Doll Company of Paris, France
Fabulous French Bebes by Mildred Seeley
The Doll As Art by Stuart Holbrook
The Jumeau Book by Francois Theimer and Florence Theriault (The definitive book on Jumeau and his dolls)
Puppenstars by Lydia Richter
SUPPLIES REQUIRED TO COMPLETE THE TETE JUMEAU:
MOLD: Seeley's S075 "Arielle" - 28-30" Tall
PORCELAIN SLIP: Seeley's Lady White
BODY: Seeley's Composition Body FB23 (Could also use FB21.5, but she looks much better on the FB23)
EYES: Paperweight Glass size 24mm (I used 26mm in my doll but sized her for a 24mm)
WIG: Head Circumference 16" wig size: 16/17
CONES:Junior Cones - 6, 018: Witness Cones - Self-Supporting Cones 5,6,7 and 017,018, 019
(Please note: All china paints, media and brushes are from Seeley's. It is recommended that you use these products to achieve the results as portrayed here. All supplies are available from Stanec's Dolls Ltd.)
PAINTS and MEDIA REQUIRED:
ABOUT THE MANUFACTURER
The Jumeau doll factory was in operation from !842 to !899, at which time, it was incorporated into the company known as The Societe Francaise de Fabrication des Bebes et Jouets more commonly referred to as the S.F.B.J. Company. Under this name, the company continued until 1958. The company was originally founded by Pierre-Francois Jumeau. Pierre-Francois was married in 1833 and his wife gave birth to his second son, Emile-Louis, in 1843. Emile-Louis is of note, as he took over the operation of the company some time after 1873 and introduced the Bebe Jumeau at the Paris International Exhibition in 1878. The factory was located in Paris and Montreuil-sous-bois. For more detailed information on the Jumeau Factory and it's dolls, please refer to the books mentioned above, especially the wonderful Jumeau Book by Francois Theimer and Florence Theriault..
ABOUT THE TETE JUMEAU
Please Click on the photo to link to a page with more photographs of details of the Tete Jumeau -- Costuming details, Body information, and more examples of different versions of the Tete Jumeau.
The Tete Jumeau head was introduced in 1885. The very early models were made with pressed porcelain, however after 1886, the heads were made in poured porcelain. These early heads were incised with the mark "Depose Jumeau". The later heads were marked with a red decal stamp on the back of the head reading "Depose Tete Jumeau/Bte SGDG. During the time frame 1887-1888, the open mouth version of the Tete with teeth is offered. The paper mache bodies are marked "Jumeau Medaille d'Or Paris". The ears of the dolls are pierced through the lobe. The dolls are also made with sleeping eyes. The mechanism for the sleep eye allows a lid to lower over the paperweight eye. The back of the head either had a hole to allow the lever for the sleep eye mechanism, or in a rare case an inverted "T" shape to allow for a moveable eye mechanism allowing the eyes to move back and forth as well as up and down. The Tete head with open mouth and teeth is also found on the talking doll models, Bebe Phonographe. The Tete Jumeau model was made until the end of the company in 1899. The face of the Tete is slightly thinner than earlier models. It has a graceful curve to the cheek and well-defined rounded chin. The features are proportional and in perfect harmony, one with the other, as well as with the shape and size of the head. The nose is elegant, understated and in perfect proportion, as are the full, deep almond-shaped eyes. The overall skin color of the Tete model varied greatly over the 13 years of its production, from very pale to soft rose to very high coloring. The finish of the skin tone also varied from creamy to matte to lustrous. The modeling of the head allowed it to be "tweaked" after pouring to enable an open mouth with inset teeth; to allow changes in the shape of the eye to create an oriental appearance and allow for sleep eyes.
The painting of the Tete is generally found to be of extremely fine quality. It is only the later versions which showed decline, as was typical of almost all the dolls manufactured during the more difficult times faced by the doll makers towards the end of the century. The Tete Jumeau is characterized by dramatic decoration of the eyes. Lashes are long, slightly curved and lush, encircling the complete eyes. A dark outline rims the eye socket cut, but is less noticeable than the earlier heads because of the addition of the dramatic eyelashes. The brows are widely arched, extending beyond both sides of each eye. The thickness varies, but generally the brows are fuller than before. The thickness is achieved by a multitude of fine feathered lines. There are two typical shapes to the eyebrows. The darker version is painted with many fine lines piled on top of each other towards the bridge of the nose, narrowing down to a fine trailing point towards the ears. The strokes of the darker brows blend together to create more depth through the center of the brow. The lighter brows are shaped in a similar fashion, but are thicker in appearance, with the strokes being more individually visible as the paint is not so dark. The lips are painted with a heart-shaped upper lip with upturned lip corners and accent lines along the edge. There is an undecorated space between the lips, suggesting a slightly opened mouth, and a smaller bottom lip with accent lines. The color is a pale rose, with shading on the inner lip. Eye shadow on the upper lid is the exception rather than the rule on this model. The inner eye corners are accented with a pale red dot and the nostrils are accented with a single red dot or shaded rose coloring. The cheeks are beautifully blushed, with the main color accenting the full roundness of the lower cheek.
The Tete was made with either blue or brown "human" or paperweight glass eyes. Most commonly, the doll was produced with a mohair wig. Special models were also found with Tibetan mohair wigs. Towards the end of production, human hair wigs in brunette were also offered.
When the Jumeau company ceased to exist in 1899, the inventory which was turned over to the S.F.B.J. included thousands of remaining bebes, heads, bodies, costumes and other parts. For this reason, the early production of the S.F.B.J. company is hard to distinguish from the the Jumeau bebes of the late 1890's.
Technical Data regarding the Antique Tete Jumeau and the Reproduction Arielle
HEAD CIRCUMFERENCE: Antique Tete Jumeau: 16 1/4" Reproduction Arielle: 16 1/2"
EYE OPENING MEASUREMENT: Antique Tete Jumeau: 27 mm Reproduction Arielle: 27 mm
HEIGHT: Antique Tete Jumeau: 28" Reproduction Arielle (on FB23 Body) 29"
BODY: Antique Tete Jumeau: 11 piece composition/wood body with Jumeau markings (21 inches) Seeley's 11 piece FB230S Composition body (22 inches)
EARS: Antique Tete Jumeau: Applied ears, pierced through the lobe. Reproduction Arielle: Ears are attached to the head in the mold. You must pierce them when the head is poured.
EYES: Antique Tete Jumeau: Dark Brown paperweight Reproduction Arielle: Cut and bevel for a 24 mm paperweight eye. Color could be brown or blue and still be authentic. I used French Navy which is my favorite color for French dolls.
Click on the photo to View the study of my Reproduction of the antique Tete Jumeau
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This Page Last Edited on July 25th, 2007.